Lieut. Kurd Baron von Veltheim, the Union soldier who was court martialed for burning Haymarket, was one of many German immigrants and German Americans who were proud to fight for the United States against the Confederate forces. "I Goes to Fight Mit Sigel" was a popular song with German troops who were particularly proud to serve under the command of General Franz Sigel, a German immigrant who was instrumental in recruiting German troops.
Many Southerners, however, considered these immigrants German troops a throwback to the Hessians who fought against the colonies during the Revolutinary War. They called them "beer drinkers," "damned dutch" and other derogatory names and considered them little more than marauders and pillagers.
In the two etchings below, the artist Adalbert John Volck, depicts an idealized Southern citizenry at the mercy of pillaging German soldiers of the U.S. Army. These scenes suggest similar events of November 4-5, 1862 when soldiers searched homes for firearms then later burned the town of Haymarket.